Countries Founded On Christianity

Countries Founded On Christianity


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San Marino

San Marino is a country that was founded on the principles of Christianity. It was established by Marinus, a stonemason, in 301 AD. In 1463, Pope Pius II gave San Marino its independence from Italy. The country is the smallest country in Europe and the only one located in the Apennine Mountains (a mountain range). Its population is around 30 thousand people which makes it even smaller than Vatican City!

Vatican City

Vatican City, a country within the city of Rome, Italy founded on Christianity. Although it is the smallest independent state in the world by both area and population (108 hectares/270 acres and 800 people), Vatican City has its own government and is home to St. Peter’s Basilica and many other famous structures.


The country of Italy was founded by Saint Paul, who brought Christianity to the region around 50 CE. It is a founding member of the European Union and currently has 61 million inhabitants. The most populous countries in Europe are Russia, Germany and France; Italy comes fifth after Poland and before Spain.

Italy is also known for being the birthplace of the Roman Empire—and thus its capital city Rome—as well as having many other ancient monuments such as Pompeii (which was buried under volcanic ash in 79 CE).


Poland was founded on the Roman Catholic Church. The country is known for its devout Christianity, as well as for being an important center of European Christianity. Poland became a Christian nation in 966 AD when it adopted Christianity as the state religion.

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The conversion of Poland may have been spurred by missionary activity from abroad, but it also followed from internal developments within the country. In particular, the baptism of Mieszko I (reigned 960–992) led to his rise as grand duke and eventually king over all Poland.

Poland has often been mentioned in historical accounts as Christendom’s bulwark against Muslim expansion into Europe during this period; indeed, some historians consider Poland’s conversion to be one of Europe’s most important events between 500 CE and 1500 CE because it ensured that Eastern Europe would remain predominantly Christian rather than Muslim or pagan (such as with Russia).


Lithuania was founded on Christianity in the 13th century. Its history as a European centre of Christianity has yielded many cultural and artistic treasures, including two World Heritage Sites: Vilnius Cathedral and the Hill of Crosses. Lithuania is also home to one of only four surviving examples of medieval stained glass windows in Europe that depict scenes from the Bible – these can be found at St Anne’s Church in Vilnius.

The original foundation of the country was based on an agreement between Mindaugas, King of Lithuania (1201-1263), and Pope Innocent IV (1195-1254). The country became part of Teutonic Order after its defeat by Poland. In 1387, Grand Duke Jogaila signed a contract with Pope Urban VI which allowed Lithuania to become Catholic again after being Pagan for over 100 years.


Latvia became Christian at the beginning of the 13th century. The state religion was Protestantism until the 18th century, when Catholicism took over. Latvia is now a secular country.


Estonia is a former Soviet republic that borders the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland. It’s known for its forests (almost half of its territory is covered with trees), its many lakes, and islets.

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The country has been inhabited by humans since around 9000 BC. The Estonian people are thought to have migrated from Finland in 1 AD., though they might also be related to the Finns or Vepsians. The first mention of Estonia was made in 948 AD by chroniclers in Germania Magna, who referred to one of their tribes as Estnolen or Estnalanden; this means “land of the Estians”.

In 1220 AD, Danish crusaders invaded and Christianized the country; however they were driven out by forces led by Lembitu Kolk until 1442 when they finally gained control over most of Estonia once again after defeating them at battle near Hermannsburg Castle outside Tartu (now known as Dorpat).


Armenia was the first country to officially adopt Christianity as a state religion. It is a mountainous country located in the southern Caucasus Mountains, and has a population of about 3 million people. Armenia is one of the oldest countries in the world, having been established as early as 301 AD.

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a country in Central Europe. It has a population of 10 million people, making it the most populous of the three Slavic nations in the region (the others being Slovakia and Poland). The Czech Republic shares borders with Germany to its west, Poland to its north and east, Ukraine and Slovakia to its southeast, Hungary and Austria to its south, and Germany again to its southwest.

The first known Czech state was established by Premysl Otakar I. During this period, which lasted from 863–907 A.D., much of present-day western Europe fell under German control, including some territories within modern-day Austria as well as parts of France and Italy. In 907 A.D., however, Duke Borivoj II took control over contemporary Bohemia during a civil war in Moravia and became king there; he then moved his capital city there in 915 A.D., establishing what would become known as Bohemian rule over all lands east of Saale River (in present-day Germany).

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It might surprise you to know that Sweden was founded on Christianity. All of Sweden’s monarchs have been Christian since the 12th century, and Swedish law has supported the Church of Sweden since the 17th century.


Norway is a country founded by the Vikings in the 9th century. It officially accepted Christianity when Harald Fairhair, a king of Norway and Denmark, was baptized at the age of 15 in 950 AD. However, Christianity was thrust upon Norway by its rulers rather than embraced by its people in any significant way. Today only about 1% of Norwegians are atheists or agnostics; most are members of the Church of Norway (Lutheran), which has been called “the state church” since 1814.

Most european countries were founded on Christianity

It is estimated that 70% of the world’s countries were founded on Christianity. Many of these countries are located in Europe, and some include: San Marino, Vatican City, Italy, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. Other European countries with a Christian foundation include Armenia (the same as Georgia), Czech Republic and Sweden . Norway also has a long history of being founded on Christianity; it was established as a kingdom but became separate from Denmark in 1905.


It’s clear from this list that Christianity has been a powerful force in creating countries, uniting people and forming the fabric of society. However, as we can see in some of these examples, religion is not always a force for good. In fact, there have been many cases where religion has led to conflict and war. Do you think Christianity has had more positive or negative effects on the world? Let us know in the comments section below!

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