8 Things to Know About the Lukewarm Church in Revelation

Let’s begin by talking about the “8 Things About the Lukewarm Church in Revelations.” This discussion takes us on a journey to understand the deeper meaning of the lukewarm church, as described in the Book of Revelation. We’ll focus on key aspects like lukewarmness, the message from Jesus, the importance of Laodicea, self-reliance, spiritual blindness, the difference between material wealth and spiritual poverty, the symbols of “fire and gold,” and the concept of “anointing for eyes.” Through these insights, we’ll gain a comprehensive understanding of the spiritual state of the church in Laodicea and discover valuable lessons for those who seek to nurture a passionate, authentic, and Christ-centered faith.

The Lukewarm Church in Revelations

The Lukewarm Church in the Book of Revelation, as addressed in the letter to the church in Laodicea, stands as a poignant and timeless symbol of spiritual complacency and indifference. Found in Revelation 3:14-22, this vivid depiction of the church’s lukewarmness by Jesus serves as a clarion call to believers, both ancient and modern, to examine the state of their faith.

This article delves into the eight key aspects of the Lukewarm Church, exploring its significance, the symbolism of “fire and gold,” the call to “anointing for eyes,” and the imperative of “repentance and zeal.” It also highlights the consequences of spiritual apathy and the promises of renewed intimacy with Christ, offering insight and inspiration for those seeking a passionate, genuine, and Christ-centered faith.

1. Lukewarmness

In a spiritual context, lukewarmness denotes a state of spiritual indifference, apathy, and complacency. It represents a deficiency in fervor, dedication, and enthusiasm towards one’s faith. The lukewarm individual or congregation adopts a middle-of-the-road approach to spirituality, neither displaying intense zeal nor complete rejection.

This metaphorical characterization draws from the concept of temperature, with “hot” symbolizing ardent devotion and passion for one’s faith, and “cold” indicating an outright denial of it. In contrast, the lukewarm lack the enthusiasm to wholeheartedly pursue their faith or the conviction to openly renounce it.

Lukewarm Church

Revelation 3:15-16 (NIV) serves as a direct illustration of the lukewarm condition of the church: “I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were either one or the other! So, because you are lukewarm—neither hot nor cold—I am about to spit you out of my mouth.” This vividly conveys Jesus’s disapproval of the spiritual state of the Laodicean church. His use of the metaphor of being “spit out” strongly reflects His disdain for their lukewarmness.

By expressing His desire for them to be either fervently committed or completely disinterested, Jesus underscores the significance of having a sincere and impassioned faith or, conversely, openly rejecting it. According to this passage, lukewarmness is not acceptable to Him.

Implications of Spiritual Indifference and Complacency: Lukewarmness within a congregation or an individual’s spiritual journey entails several noteworthy consequences:

  1. Lack of Spiritual Advancement: Lukewarm individuals or congregations often find themselves at a standstill in their spiritual journey due to their absence of enthusiasm for growth and understanding.
  2. Ineffectiveness: A lukewarm congregation or believer typically struggles to effectively propagate the message of their faith. Their lack of zeal and commitment makes it challenging to attract or inspire others.
  3. Diminished Spiritual Awareness: Spiritual indifference can lead to a reduced sensitivity to the guidance of the Holy Spirit and a diminished ability to differentiate between right and wrong.
  4. Erosion of Faith: Over time, lukewarmness can result in a gradual weakening of one’s faith, as it is not actively nurtured or defended.
  5. Misrepresentation of Faith: Lukewarmness can distort the perception of faith for those who observe it. It can portray faith as superficial, insincere, or unconvincing.
  6. Potential for Apostasy: A lukewarm state can create susceptibility to completely turning away from faith, as there is no strong anchor to hold onto during moments of doubt or trial.
  7. Estrangement from God: Being neither fervent nor disinterested, the lukewarm risk distancing themselves from a close, vibrant relationship with God. Their complacency can lead to spiritual isolation.

The lukewarm state, like the one seen in the church of Laodicea, highlights the danger of spiritual apathy and contentment. It serves as a warning to both individuals and religious communities, encouraging them to reignite their enthusiasm, dedication, and loyalty to their spiritual path to avoid the serious repercussions of being lukewarm.

2. The Letter from Jesus

In understanding the lukewarm church of Laodicea, it’s essential to recognize that this description is an integral part of a letter authored by Jesus Christ Himself. The structure of this letter can be found in Revelation 3:14-22, where Jesus addresses the church’s state of spiritual apathy and indifference.

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The letter begins with an introduction in Revelation 3:14, with Jesus identifying Himself as the “Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation.” This introduction highlights the authority and truthfulness of His message.

Within the letter, Jesus outlines several key elements:

  1. Commendation: Unlike some of the other letters to the churches in Revelation, the letter to the Laodiceans contains no words of commendation. It is a direct and urgent message, emphasizing the seriousness of their spiritual condition.
  2. Condemnation: Jesus characterizes the church as lukewarm, expressing His desire for them to be either hot or cold. He underscores the undesirable nature of their spiritual indifference, noting that He is about to “spit them out of His mouth.”
  3. Counsel: Despite the church’s lukewarmness, Jesus offers counsel and guidance. He advises them to buy “gold refined by fire,” symbolizing genuine faith, white garments to cover their spiritual nakedness, and eye salve to gain spiritual insight and discernment.
  4. Call to Repentance: The urgency in Jesus’ call for repentance cannot be overstated. He emphasizes the need for the church to recognize their spiritual state and to turn back to Him with zeal and sincerity.
  5. Promise of Fellowship: Amid the call to repentance, Jesus promises that if anyone opens the door, He will come in and dine with them. This promise conveys His desire for a restored and intimate relationship with the lukewarm church.

In this letter, Jesus speaks with both authority and compassion, urging the church to see their spiritual condition through His eyes and to respond with a wholehearted commitment to Him. The urgency in His call for repentance serves as a reminder of the critical importance of addressing spiritual indifference and returning to a fervent, Christ-centered faith.

3. Self-Reliance and Materialism

In the church of Laodicea, self-reliance and materialism were prominent features that contributed to its state of spiritual lukewarmness. The members of this congregation were characterized by their belief in their self-sufficiency, thinking they had no need for external help or divine intervention. This sense of self-reliance is not only a prevalent issue in Laodicea but also a challenge that continues to affect individuals and communities in the modern world.

Lukewarm Church: Laodicea

The self-sufficient attitude of the Laodiceans is vividly portrayed in Revelation 3:17, where Jesus states, “You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’ But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind, and naked.” This verse serves as a stark illustration of the dangerous disconnect between the Laodiceans’ perception of themselves and their true spiritual state.

Relying on material wealth and self-sufficiency over spiritual well-being presents several critical dangers:

  1. Spiritual Complacency: The Laodicean church’s material affluence led to a complacency that hindered their spiritual growth. When one believes they have everything they need in the material world, there is little motivation to seek spiritual growth or a deeper relationship with God.
  2. Loss of Dependency on God: Self-reliance can diminish a person’s or community’s dependency on God. When individuals feel they can solve all their problems through their resources and abilities, they may fail to turn to God in times of need or for guidance in decision-making.
  3. Misplaced Priorities: Materialism often results in misplaced priorities. Pursuing wealth and possessions at the expense of spiritual matters can lead to a skewed sense of what truly matters in life.
  4. Insecurity: Ironically, a strong focus on materialism can lead to insecurity. People may fear losing their wealth and possessions, causing anxiety and stress. This insecurity can further distract from spiritual growth and contentment.
  5. Isolation: A self-sufficient attitude can lead to isolation from others and God. Building walls of self-reliance can hinder the development of community, support networks, and a deep relationship with the divine.

Recognizing the dangers of self-reliance and materialism, as highlighted in the church of Laodicea, serves as a call for self-examination in our own lives. Balancing material well-being with spiritual growth and dependency on God is a crucial aspect of a vibrant and fulfilling faith.

4. Spiritual Blindness

In the letter to the lukewarm church in Laodicea, Jesus accused the congregation of being afflicted with spiritual blindness. This accusation is a powerful indictment, revealing a critical aspect of the church’s condition.

Scriptural Emphasis on Spiritual Blindness

Revelation 3:17 states, “You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’ But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind, and naked.” This scripture underscores the irony of the situation. The members of the church believed themselves to be rich and self-sufficient, yet they were, in fact, spiritually impoverished and blind to their own need for genuine faith.

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The Importance of Spiritual Insight and Discernment

The presence of spiritual blindness within the church of Laodicea underscores the vital need for spiritual insight and discernment within the Christian journey. Just as physical blindness hinders one’s ability to navigate the physical world, spiritual blindness obstructs the perception of one’s true spiritual condition and the need for repentance and renewal.

Spiritual insight and discernment are essential for recognizing the gap between one’s professed faith and the actual state of one’s heart. It enables believers to see beyond the surface, understand their spiritual poverty, and seek a deeper, more authentic connection with God.

In a broader sense, the accusation of spiritual blindness in the letter to the Laodicean church serves as a cautionary reminder for all believers. It prompts introspection, encouraging individuals and congregations to assess their spiritual vision and seek a clearer understanding of their relationship with God. Recognizing one’s need for God’s transformative grace is the first step towards overcoming spiritual blindness and moving from complacency to fervent faith.

5. Wealth and Prosperity vs. Spiritual Poverty

In the letter to the church in Laodicea, a stark and troubling contrast emerges – a stark dichotomy between the church’s material riches and their spiritual poverty. This striking contrast is vividly articulated in Revelation 3:17, where Jesus states:

“You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’ But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind, and naked.”

Here, Jesus’ words serve as a poignant reminder of the dangerous consequences of placing undue emphasis on material wealth and self-sufficiency. Let’s break down this section further:

1. The Delusion of Material Wealth: The church in Laodicea had fallen into the dangerous delusion of equating material prosperity with spiritual well-being. They believed themselves to be “rich” and self-sufficient, claiming they lacked nothing. However, Jesus reveals the painful truth – their material wealth was a thin veneer masking their spiritual destitution.

2. Spiritual Poverty: Jesus describes the church’s spiritual state with a series of somber adjectives: “wretched, pitiful, poor, blind, and naked.” This powerful imagery paints a vivid picture of their profound spiritual emptiness. They were wretched in their indifference, pitiful in their complacency, and poor in their faith. Their spiritual blindness prevented them from recognizing their true state, and they stood naked, devoid of the righteousness and grace that only Christ can provide.

3. The Danger of Complacency: The church’s emphasis on material wealth had led to spiritual complacency. This complacency left them with a false sense of security and contentment, causing them to neglect their spiritual growth and relationship with God. This highlights a critical lesson for believers – the pursuit of material wealth should never overshadow the pursuit of a rich and vibrant faith.

In Revelation 3:17, Jesus holds a mirror to the church’s self-deception, urging them to recognize their spiritual poverty and turn to Him for true riches. This contrast serves as a cautionary tale for all believers, reminding us to prioritize our spiritual well-being above worldly wealth and to guard against the complacency that can arise from material prosperity.

6. Fire and Gold

In Revelation 3:18, Jesus advises the church in Laodicea to buy from Him “gold refined by fire.” This symbolism represents the process of refining and purifying one’s faith through trials and challenges. Just as gold is purified in the intense heat of a furnace, genuine faith is developed and strengthened through the trials and difficulties of life. This verse underscores the idea that a vibrant, unshakable faith is born out of adversity.

Genuine faith is not superficial or mere lip service; it is a matter of the heart. To be spiritually rich means to possess a deep and authentic relationship with God. This richness can only be achieved through a transformation of the heart, a profound change in one’s inner being. It involves a sincere and wholehearted commitment to God, allowing His presence and teachings to shape one’s character and actions.

Examples of individuals or churches that have undergone such transformation:

  • Peter, who initially denied Jesus three times, underwent a profound transformation in his faith. After encountering the risen Christ and receiving the Holy Spirit, he boldly proclaimed the Gospel and became a foundational figure in the early Christian church.
  • The Corinthian church was plagued by various issues, including division and immorality. Through the guidance of the Apostle Paul and their own repentance, they transformed into a more mature and unified body of believers, as seen in 2 Corinthians.

7. Anointing for Eyes

In Revelation 3:18, Jesus counsels the church to apply “salve” to their eyes. This symbolizes the need for spiritual clarity and understanding. Just as physical sight is essential for navigating the world, spiritual insight is crucial for discerning God’s will, recognizing one’s own faults, and understanding the deeper truths of faith.

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Spiritual clarity and understanding enable believers to make wise decisions, recognize God’s guidance, and discern between truth and deception. Without this insight, individuals and churches may stumble in their faith, fail to address issues, and miss the blessings and lessons God provides.

The importance of gaining spiritual insight:

  • The dramatic transformation of Saul from a persecutor of Christians to the Apostle Paul is a testament to the profound spiritual insight he gained on the road to Damascus.
  • Saint Augustine’s journey from a life of immorality and doubt to becoming a renowned theologian and bishop is a powerful example of the transformative power of spiritual clarity.

8. Repentance and Zeal

In Revelation 3:19, Jesus implores the church to repent of their lukewarmness and become zealous in their faith. Repentance is a call to turn away from spiritual complacency and return to a fervent, genuine relationship with God.

“Here I am! I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in and eat with that person, and they with me” (Revelation 3:20).

This verse underscores the urgency of the call to action and the willingness of Jesus to reestablish a close and intimate relationship with those who respond.

Practical steps for individuals and churches to cultivate a passionate, genuine faith:

  • Encourage a regular practice of prayer and self-examination, seeking forgiveness and renewal.
  • Emphasize the importance of studying Scripture and reflecting on its teachings to deepen understanding and commitment.
  • Highlight the role of community and serving others as means to foster zeal and genuine faith.

Consequences and Promises

Those who do not respond to Jesus’ call for repentance face the risk of spiritual rejection and separation from His presence.

“To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne” (Revelation 3:21).

This promise conveys the tremendous reward for those who overcome spiritual complacency and embrace genuine faith.

The promise of sitting with Christ on His throne offers hope and motivation for believers to strive for a deeper, more fervent relationship with Him. It represents the ultimate reward for those who choose to overcome their spiritual indifference and embrace the call to wholehearted faith.

About the City of Laodicea

Laodicea, located in present-day Turkey, held a strategic position at the crossroads of major trade routes, becoming a prominent hub for commerce and trade. Founded by Seleucid King Antiochus II during the third century BC and named after his wife, Laodice, the city thrived under Roman rule. Its economic success and self-sufficiency made it attractive for both business and residence, playing a significant role in shaping the church’s spiritual condition.

The city’s wealth and material affluence may have contributed to the spiritual complacency of the church in Laodicea, an issue Jesus addressed in His letter to them. Recognizing the city’s prosperity underscores the challenges the church faced and the need for spiritual renewal amidst material opulence.


So, let’s break this down for you in simpler words. The Lukewarm Church in the book of Revelation, located in a place called Laodicea, teaches us a lesson about being spiritually lazy. When we say “lukewarm,” we mean not really caring or being lazy about our faith. This story is a reminder for people who believe in God.

In a letter, Jesus tells them they need to say sorry for their mistakes, understand their faith better, and be excited about it. He also warns them not to rely too much on themselves and their stuff. If they don’t listen, bad things will happen, but if they change, they can get close to Jesus again. So, like the folks in Laodicea, we all need to think about our faith, change our hearts, and be really excited about it, instead of being lazy.

Laodicea used to be a pretty rich place, and that reminds us how being rich can sometimes make people forget about God. When we talk about “gold refined by fire” and “salve” for the eyes, we mean that faith can get stronger and people can understand things better. Saying sorry and being excited are good ways to fix things, and getting close to Jesus is like a reward for caring about your faith. So, the message here is simple: we should learn from the Lukewarm Church’s story and make our faith stronger by facing challenges, understanding it better, and being really devoted to it.

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