How Many Books in The Bible About Women?

In the Bible, women play a huge role in shaping the spiritual story from the beginning of Genesis to the end of Revelation. Only two books have women’s names, but the impact of female figures is found throughout many Bible stories. Ruth and Esther are famous for their dedicated tales, but many other women have made lasting impressions on the Bible’s pages.

They become leaders, prophets, and examples of strong faith, going against cultural norms and divine expectations. As we read through the Bible stories, we meet women whose actions and legacies are vital to both the Old and New Testaments, showing resilience, wisdom, and divine purpose.

How Many Books in The Bible About Women?
Books in The Bible About Women

How Many Books Named After Women

1. Ruth

The Book of Ruth is a remarkable account of faith and providence. It follows Ruth, a widow from Moab, who, out of love for her Israelite mother-in-law, Naomi, leaves her home and commits to Naomi’s God and people (Ruth 1:16). Her loyalty is rewarded as she becomes the great-grandmother of King David, connecting her to the lineage of Jesus Christ (Matthew 1:5).

Ruth’s story is exceptional for various reasons. It highlights a foreign woman becoming a role model of faith and virtue in the Israelite community. The narrative emphasizes themes of loyalty, kindness, and God’s transformative power in the face of tragedy. Despite being a concise four-chapter book, the Book of Ruth offers a compelling story of a woman’s impact on biblical history.

2. Esther

The Book of Esther recounts the journey of a young Jewish woman who becomes Persia’s queen and risks her life to save her people from a planned genocide. This book is unique in the Bible as it doesn’t explicitly mention God but vividly portrays His providential care. Esther’s bravery is celebrated during the Jewish festival of Purim, commemorating the deliverance of the Jewish people as told in this book.

Esther’s influence is evident through her strategic thinking and courageous approach to the king, displaying great wisdom and bravery. Her story spans ten chapters, teaching us the importance of standing up for justice and trusting in God’s timing. Esther 4:14, where Mordecai suggests Esther became queen “for such a time as this,” highlights the divine orchestration in her life.

These two books, Ruth and Esther, provide profound insights into how God uses women for His purposes. They stand as prime examples of the Bible featuring women’s stories and showcasing the significant roles women played in its overall narrative.

How Many Books in The Bible About Women?

Women’s Stories Across the Bible

The women in the Bible play crucial roles in shaping the narrative and illustrating various aspects of faith, resilience, and leadership. Here are a few additional instances that highlight the diverse roles and stories of women in the Bible:

1. Sarah and Hagar (Genesis 16-21): The story of Sarah and Hagar explores themes of family dynamics, faith, and God’s promises. Sarah, initially barren, gives her servant Hagar to Abraham to bear a child. Hagar’s encounter with God in the wilderness and the eventual birth of Ishmael add complexity to the narrative.

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2. Tamar (Genesis 38): Tamar’s story is one of determination and justice. After being wronged by Judah, she takes matters into her own hands to secure her rightful place and lineage. This narrative challenges social norms and illustrates the importance of righteousness.

3. Rahab (Joshua 2): Rahab, a Canaanite woman, played a pivotal role in the Israelites’ conquest of Jericho. Her faith and courage in hiding the Israelite spies demonstrated her commitment to God, leading to the preservation of her family when Jericho fell.

4. Abigail (1 Samuel 25): Abigail’s wisdom and diplomacy are evident when she intervenes to prevent bloodshed between her husband Nabal and David. Her actions demonstrate the positive impact a woman can have on a challenging situation.

5. The Widow’s Offering (Mark 12:41-44): In the New Testament, Jesus highlights the sacrificial giving of a poor widow, emphasizing the value of her contribution compared to the wealthier donors. This story showcases the significance of humility and sincerity in one’s devotion.

6. The Syrophoenician Woman (Mark 7:24-30): This Gentile woman’s persistence in seeking healing for her daughter from Jesus challenges cultural and religious boundaries. Jesus commends her faith, showcasing the inclusivity of God’s grace.

7. Dorcas (Acts 9:36-42): Dorcas, also known as Tabitha, was a woman known for her acts of charity. When she died, Peter raised her from the dead, emphasizing the impact of her kindness and the compassion shown by the early Christian community.

Women’s Impact in Key Bible Events

The Bible isn’t just a collection of stories; it’s a connected series of events where women often have important roles. While we’ve found two books named after women, many other parts of the scriptures show women making significant contributions.

Women’s Role in the Old Testament

In the Old Testament, women frequently appear during crucial moments. For instance, consider Jochebed, Moses’ mother. Her choice to hide him from Pharaoh’s decree preserved the future liberator of Israel (Exodus 2:1-10).

The Old Testament also tells of Rahab, a brave woman who protected Israelite spies in Jericho. Her faith and actions led to her family’s salvation during the city’s conquest (Joshua 2). Such instances emphasize the importance of women in fulfilling God’s plan for His people.

Women’s Roles in New Testament Events

In the New Testament, women’s involvement in key events is equally evident. During Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit descended upon the apostles, women were among those who received the Holy Spirit and spoke in tongues (Acts 1:14, 2:1-4), showcasing their role in the birth of the church.

Additionally, women were the first witnesses and testifiers to Jesus’ resurrection. Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Mary, the mother of James, went to the tomb, found it empty, and later reported this to the disciples (Luke 24:1-10). This event is foundational to Christian faith, and women were the first messengers of this news.

Recognizing Women’s Impact

Quantifying the impact of women in the Bible goes beyond counting books and narratives. It involves acknowledging the depth of their influence in significant events. Women, as key figures, played pivotal roles in advancing God’s story in both the Old and New Testaments.

The biblical record illustrates that women were present and active in God’s redemptive work, from the early days of Israel through the establishment of the early church. Their presence and contributions are woven into the very fabric of the biblical narrative.

Women in New Testament Teachings

The New Testament does more than continue the narrative of women in the unfolding story of God’s people; it includes teachings and parables of Jesus that often feature women, giving us insight into His views on women’s worth and roles.

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Women in the Teachings and Parables of Jesus

Jesus’ teachings frequently included women both as subjects and as participants. The parables of the Lost Coin (Luke 15:8-10) and the Persistent Widow (Luke 18:1-8) center around women to illustrate lessons on God’s love and the need for persistent faith. In the parable of the Yeast (Luke 13:20-21), a woman’s work is used to describe the Kingdom of Heaven’s growth from small beginnings to a worldwide influence.

Furthermore, Jesus’ interactions with women, such as His conversation with the Samaritan woman at the well (John 4:1-42), which broke cultural barriers, and His defense of the woman who anointed His feet (Luke 7:36-50), demonstrate His countercultural approach that affirmed women’s dignity and worth.

The Impact of Jesus’ Teachings on Women

The impact of these teachings is evident in the way women were drawn to Jesus’ ministry. From followers who supported Jesus out of their means (Luke 8:1-3) to those healed by Him, such as the woman with the issue of blood (Mark 5:25-34), women were integral to the narrative of Jesus’ earthly ministry.

Counting the Teachings

Quantifying Jesus’ teachings about women or involving women reveals a significant number. While it may not be quantifiable in the same way as named books, the Gospels are replete with moments that show Jesus’ revolutionary attitude towards women, emphasizing their value and active participation in God’s kingdom.

Women in the Early Church

The early Christian church, as depicted in the New Testament, was a community where women played significant roles. The letters of the apostles, particularly those of Paul, provide us with names and descriptions of women who were not merely participants but leaders and active contributors to the spread of the gospel.

Women Mentioned in the Epistles

The Apostle Paul, in his letters, frequently acknowledges women who worked alongside him. Phoebe is described as a deacon and a benefactor of many, including Paul himself (Romans 16:1-2). Priscilla, along with her husband Aquila, taught Apollos, an eloquent speaker, the way of God more accurately (Acts 18:26). Women like Euodia and Syntyche are commended for contending at Paul’s side for the gospel (Philippians 4:2-3).

In Romans 16 alone, Paul greets ten women who were active in the church, demonstrating their pivotal role in the early Christian community. These women are not mere footnotes; they are co-laborers in the Christian mission.

The Role of Women in the Formation and Expansion of the Church

The New Testament provides a quantitative acknowledgment of women’s roles in the church’s formation. Women hosted church meetings in their homes (Acts 12:12), were influential in instructing early believers (2 Timothy 1:5), and were even prophetic voices within the community (Acts 21:9).

Counting the Contributions

When we seek to count the contributions of women in the early church, we find that they are integral to the narrative. Their presence is felt in every aspect of church life—from hospitality and teaching to leadership and evangelism.

In the quantifiable sense, while women may not be the subject of numerous named books in the Bible, their presence and influence are felt throughout the New Testament. Their contributions are a testament to the vital role that women played in the spread of Christianity and the establishment of the church.

Women’s Significant Contributions in Major Biblical Books

While the entire Bible doesn’t center around women, their contributions are crucial and evident throughout its books. These significant mentions span from the Pentateuch to the Prophetic writings and the New Testament.

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The Pentateuch

In the first five books of the Bible, also known as the Torah or Pentateuch, women are pivotal to the narrative. Sarah, Rebekah, Rachel, and Leah in the Book of Genesis are matriarchs whose actions and decisions directly influence the lineage of the Israelite nation. Miriam in Exodus is not only Moses’ sister but also a prophetess and leader of Israel during the Exodus.

In Exodus, women are the unsung heroes who defy Pharaoh’s edict to ensure the survival of Moses. The midwives Shiphrah and Puah (Exodus 1:15-21), Moses’ mother Jochebed (Exodus 2:1-10), and his sister Miriam (Exodus 15:20-21) are all pivotal in the deliverance story of Israel’s eventual leader.

Historical and Wisdom Books

The historical books of Joshua, Judges, and 1 and 2 Samuel recount the deeds of women like Rahab, whose bravery aided the Israelite spies (Joshua 2), and Deborah, a judge and prophetess who led Israel to victory (Judges 4-5). Abigail’s quick thinking prevented a massacre and demonstrated great wisdom (1 Samuel 25).

Prophetic Books

The prophetic books often refer to women either symbolically or as key narrative figures. Isaiah mentions women in various contexts, from everyday life illustrations to powerful figures like the Queen of Heaven. Hosea’s life with Gomer parallels Israel’s relationship with God. Women’s roles in these books, while not always central, are part of the prophecies and messages conveyed by God through His prophets.

The Gospels and Acts

In the New Testament, the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John provide numerous accounts of women interacting with Jesus Christ. From Mary’s central role in the nativity narratives to the various women who followed and supported Jesus’ ministry, these books are rich with female presence. The Book of Acts continues this theme, with women like Lydia, Dorcas, and Priscilla playing vital roles in the early Christian community.

Epistles and Revelation

The Epistles, especially those written by Paul, frequently mention women such as Phoebe, Junia, and Priscilla, who were instrumental in the church’s growth. The final book of the Bible, Revelation, uses feminine imagery, such as the Bride of Christ, to depict the church, and refers to influential women, both positive and negative figures, in its prophetic visions.

Counting the Contributions

While only two books are named after women, their stories and influences permeate many other books of the Bible. The Old Testament contains at least 14 books with significant contributions or stories of women, and the New Testament includes all four Gospels and at least six Epistles that reference key female figures, making a total of at least 24 books of the Bible where women’s contributions are notably recognized.


The narratives of women in the Bible are as diverse as they are profound, encompassing roles that span from the matriarchs who steered the early beginnings of nations to the influential leaders in the early Christian church. The count of their stories may be immeasurable, but their significance is unmistakable. In every mention, from the well-known tales of Ruth and Esther to the strategic and subtle influences of women like Lydia and Priscilla, the Bible presents a dynamic spectrum of female strength and divine purpose.

This collection of narratives not only offers a tribute to the women who have been pivotal to biblical history but also serves as an enduring testament to their impact on faith and spirituality across the ages. As we celebrate these stories, we also acknowledge the ongoing contributions of women to theological understanding and the living out of faith in communities around the world.

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