What Did Jesus Do When He Descended Into Hell?

Some of the most significant theological problems about Jesus Christ are brought up by the topic of the agonizing reality of hell. Many people have never even heard of the doctrine because it is not particularly well known. However, this idea is a crucial component of Christian thought and ought to be taken into account in any research on heaven and hell.

Did Jesus go To Hell?

He began by preaching to the dead. According to the Bible, after Jesus died on the cross, there were a great number of people in hell who were eagerly awaiting His return (1 Peter 3:19-20). After that, He took them up into heaven (Revelation 4:1-11). Then they spread Christ’s message throughout creation (Revelation 5:9-10).

Second, by preaching and freeing people from their imprisonment in darkness, Jesus delivered Old Testament saints from damnation (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 1:6).

Proclamation of Judgment to Those Who Were Unbelievers.

Jesus’ announcement to the dead was an announcement of judgment to those who were unbelievers, according to 1 Peter 3:18–19. Because Christ paid the price for sins once and for all, the just for the unjust, to reconcile you to God. This chapter teaches us that Jesus died on the cross to pay the price for our sins, allowing us to be pardoned and granted eternal life with God. When Jesus entered hell, he did so as a sinner just like us who also needed to have his sins forgiven, not as our replacement. Since they were in torment, he went into hell and preached to them there about the need for redemption and an afterlife with God (Luke 16:19–31).

At that time, the Dead in Jesus’ Rose, Were Redeemed by His Proclamation and Ascended Into Heaven with Him.

The dead in Christ resurrected at that time, receiving justification via His proclamation, and ascending with Him into paradise. The Old Testament saints who had passed away before the birth of Christ were included in this (see 1 Peter 3:18-20). They were brought back to life through the power of His Spirit, made righteous by the shed blood of the cross (Romans 4:25), and raised from the dead.

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By establishing their righteousness through faith alone in Christ alone, Jesus also saved individuals who had been lost throughout history, including the Antediluvians, Sodomites, Egyptians who perished in the Red Sea during Moses’ departure, etc.

This Included Old Testament Saints.

Jesus entered hell to set everyone free. Not just believers, but also non-believers, the good, the bad, and the dead. This comprised both the saints of the Old Testament who were in heaven and those who were not yet buried.

Since everyone for whom Jesus died on the cross at Calvary is included, Jesus’ fall into hell was a mercy for all of mankind in this way.

All of the deceased’s tombs were opened and their bodies were raised while Jesus was dying. They traveled to Jerusalem and made numerous appearances. Christ’s resurrection served as evidence that everyone who had faith in him would also be raised from the grave.

They Weren’t Given a Resurrection Body but Rather Made an Appearance in Resurrected Flesh.

Jesus entered hell after he died in order to set the prisoners free. According to the Bible, when Christ died,

“the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many.” (Matthew 27:52-53) They were not given a resurrection body but rather made an appearance in resurrected flesh. This means that those who had been resurrected from the dead did not appear as glorious beings with angelic wings, but instead appeared just like walking, talking humans. They could be seen by many people in Jerusalem on that first Easter morning because they didn’t have a resurrection body at all! Their first appearance after being raised was during Jesus’ ascension back into heaven (Acts 1:3). The apostle Paul confirms this when he writes about his experience seeing some men who had been raised from death: “For I am sure that neither death nor life . . . will be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

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Elijah or Moses Appeared on Earth in Resurrected Bodies for A Time.

In the Bible, it is stated that when Jesus died on the cross, He descended into hell and released all of souls that were there. But what does this mean? What did Jesus do when He descended into Hell? For example, Matthew 17; Luke 16 tells us that Elijah or Moses appeared on earth in resurrected bodies for a time. They appeared to Peter, James and John on the Mount of Transfiguration where they spoke with Christ about His coming death (Matthew 17:1-13). The account includes details about how these two great prophets looked like when they were seen by those men – their clothes, how tall they were and their hair color (Luke 9:29). It was also noted that these men had flesh bodies like ours but with no sin because they had been resurrected!

In This Way, Christ Is Showing His Victory Over Death and The Grave.

In this way, Christ is showing His victory over death and the grave. He has conquered sin and Satan, who are both guilty of bringing death into our world.

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This shows us that Jesus has a purpose for being in hell: to save those who are thereby defeating Satan’s power and bringing them back into God’s kingdom.

Descending Into Hell Was Part of Christ’s Victory Over Death.

Jesus’ descent into hell was part of Christ’s victory over death. Jesus descended into hell and proclaimed to the dead that He was victorious (1 Peter 3:18). He preached the gospel to those who were in hell, and He proclaimed to them that they would be judged (1 Peter 4:6). Jesus also stated that no one has gone down into the grave except for Him who came from heaven—a clear indication that all men are destined for eternal torment unless they believe on Christ and accept His sacrifice for their sins.


To wrap up, we’ve seen how Jesus preached to the spirits in prison, and judged them. This is a teaching that many of us are unfamiliar with, but if we read through the scriptures—particularly 1 Peter 3:18–20—we can come to better understand how it all fits together. After His crucifixion and resurrection, Jesus descended into hell where He was victorious over Satan himself. Although, this is not certain by other Christian doctrines. As Christians today, we are called to take this victory on faith because we cannot see Him or what He did for us.

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