Which Country Has The Most Churches?

Have you ever wondered which countries around the world hold the greatest concentration of churches? While determining the absolute global leader in church count is difficult, we can examine the countries where churches are a particularly prominent part of the landscape. To do this, we’ll focus on church density – the number of churches in relation to a country’s population or land area.

Understanding Church Density

Before we dive into our list, it’s important to understand the concept of church density. This refers to the number of churches within a country relative to its population or land area. When considering which countries have the most churches, we’ll look at both population density (churches per person) and geographic density (churches per square mile/kilometer) to offer a well-rounded perspective.

Top Countries with High Church Density

This category focuses on countries where there’s a remarkably high concentration of churches in relation to their population size. These countries often have a long and deep-rooted Christian tradition, with a significant portion of the population identifying as Christian. Here, Christianity plays a central role in shaping the cultural landscape.

Key factors include:

  • High percentage of Christian population
  • Large number of churches relative to the population size
  • Deeply ingrained religious history

1. Vatican City

As the global headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, it comes as no surprise that the Vatican City boasts an unparalleled concentration of churches [8]. The Vatican has around 1700 churches, making it the country with the most churches per capita. This tiny city-state, located within Rome, Italy, has a population of roughly 1000 people and is regarded as one of the most powerful governments in the world.

The crown jewel of the Vatican’s religious architecture is the magnificent St. Peter’s Basilica. This iconic basilica stands as one of the holiest Catholic sites and a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture. Its grandeur is a testament to the Vatican’s profound religious significance.

2. Italy

Italy’s landscape is inseparable from its Catholic heritage. An estimated 90% of its population identifies as Catholic, translating into a vast network of churches. With approximately 67,000 churches found throughout the country, Italy serves as a treasury of religious architecture spanning centuries. From the iconic St. Peter’s Basilica to smaller town churches, these structures hold historical and artistic significance.

Churches in Italy are often not just places of worship, but also vibrant community hubs. They host festivals, concerts, and charitable events, reflecting the ongoing role of the church within Italian society.

3. Poland

Catholicism is deeply rooted in Polish identity, with around 85% of the population identifying as Catholic. This translates into a high density of churches, ranging from grand Gothic structures in cities to charming wooden churches in the countryside. They serve as places of worship, reminders of Poland’s strong religious heritage, and often as symbols of national identity.

Polish churches range from grand Gothic structures in cities like Krakow to charming wooden churches tucked away in the countryside. They serve as places of worship, reminders of Poland’s strong religious heritage, and often as symbols of national identity.

4. Spain

Spain’s long Catholic history resonates throughout its landscape. While religious observance has declined in recent times, an estimated 70% of Spaniards still identify as Catholic. This heritage is evident in the abundance of churches. Spain’s churches showcase diverse architectural styles and often remain the heart of community life in towns and villages.

Many Spanish towns and villages still center their community life around the local church. Churches often host not only religious services but also festivals, cultural events, and gatherings that strengthen community bonds.

5. Portugal

Similar to Spain, Portugal’s landscape reflects its deep Catholic tradition. Approximately 80% of the Portuguese population identifies as Catholic. This is evident in the presence of churches throughout the country, with a particular concentration in smaller towns and villages.

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Portuguese churches often feature beautiful tilework and intricate designs, reflecting the country’s unique artistic heritage. These churches serve as both religious centers and repositories of history and culture.

Churches in Portugal continue to play a role in community life, hosting religious services, festivals, and events that bring people together.

Countries with Notable Church Density

This broader category encompasses countries that also have a significant number of churches, but the concentration might not be as extreme as the top 5. These countries still have a strong Christian presence, though the percentage of Christians or the number of churches per capita might be lower.

Key factors include:

  • Considerable Christian population
  • Relatively high number of churches throughout the country
  • Christian heritage plays an important role

6. Greece

Greece, with its strong Eastern Orthodox tradition, has a long and rich history of church building. Around 90% of the Greek population identifies as Orthodox Christian. Beautiful Orthodox churches and monasteries dot the Greek landscape, offering breathtaking examples of Byzantine architecture and religious art.

Greece is home to Mount Athos, a monastic peninsula with over 20 Eastern Orthodox monasteries. It’s considered one of the holiest places in the Orthodox tradition, drawing pilgrims from around the world.

Churches in Greece are not just places of worship but often hold historical significance and serve as cornerstones of community life. They frequently host religious festivals, celebrations, and gatherings that enrich local traditions.

7. Rwanda

Rwanda boasts a remarkably high Christian population, estimated at around 93.6%, with Roman Catholicism being the country’s dominant Christian denomination. Due to Rwanda’s small size and its large Christian community, this translates into a significant presence of churches.

Rwanda’s churches serve as places of worship, spiritual solace, and often act as symbols of resilience in a country deeply scarred by its troubled past. In the aftermath of the 1994 genocide, churches played a crucial role in promoting healing, reconciliation, and community rebuilding.

Churches in Rwanda often double as centers for education, social support, and community development, demonstrating their multifaceted role in Rwandan society.

8. Angola

Christianity is the predominant religion in Angola, with an estimated 95% of the population identifying as Christian. This includes a large Catholic population as well as a significant number of Protestants. The presence of churches throughout the country reflects this strong Christian heritage.

Angola’s religious landscape has been shaped by both Catholic and Protestant missionary activities. You’ll find historic Catholic churches built during the colonial era alongside Protestant churches established more recently.

Churches in Angola play a multifaceted role in society. Beyond spiritual guidance, they often provide education, healthcare, and social support programs, serving as vital anchors within communities.

9. Ethiopia

Ethiopia boasts one of the longest and richest Christian traditions in the world, dating back to the 4th century. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church is the predominant Christian denomination, with an estimated 44% of the population belonging to it.

Ethiopia’s churches are truly unique. They range from ancient rock-hewn churches carved into mountainsides to ornately decorated monasteries and more modern structures. These churches are not simply architectural marvels but repositories of history and spirituality.

Churches in Ethiopia hold a profound significance within communities. They serve as places of worship, pilgrimage destinations, and centers of religious education and cultural preservation.

10. Philippines

As a former Spanish colony, the Philippines has a deep-rooted Catholic tradition, with an estimated 85% of its population identifying as Catholic. This is evident in the high density of churches found throughout the country.

Filipino churches often showcase Spanish colonial influences alongside indigenous artistic elements, creating a unique blend of styles. From historic Baroque churches to modern structures, they reflect the evolution of the country’s religious and architectural landscape.

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Churches in the Philippines play a central role in communities. They are not only places of worship but also hubs for festivals, cultural events, and social support programs that enhance Filipino life.

11. Mexico

Mexico has deeply embedded Catholic traditions, with approximately 80% of the population identifying as Catholic. This strong Catholic heritage is beautifully reflected in the vast network of churches found throughout the country.

From grand colonial-era cathedrals like the Metropolitan Cathedral of Mexico City to vibrant modern churches, Mexico’s religious architecture showcases a blend of historical and contemporary styles.

Churches in Mexico aren’t just places of worship, but deeply ingrained in the fabric of communities. They often serve as focal points for religious festivals, cultural events, and celebrations that bring people together and uphold cherished traditions.

12. Colombia

Colombia has a deeply ingrained Catholic heritage, with approximately 75% of the population identifying as Catholic. This vibrant Catholic tradition finds expression in the many churches dotting Colombia’s landscape.

Colombian churches encompass a variety of architectural styles. You’ll find historic colonial churches with ornate Baroque features alongside modern structures with clean lines and innovative designs. This reflects the country’s evolving architectural landscape while still honoring its religious roots.

Churches in Colombia aren’t simply places of worship but often serve as vibrant community centers. They host religious celebrations, cultural events, and social programs that contribute to the richness of Colombian life.

13. Romania

Eastern Orthodoxy is the predominant religion in Romania, with over 80% of the population belonging to this Christian tradition. This, combined with its rich history, contributes to a significant presence of churches, especially those showcasing beautiful Byzantine-influenced architecture.

Many Romanian towns and cities boast stunning Orthodox cathedrals. Their colorful frescoes, gilded icons, and intricate details offer a glimpse into the artistic and spiritual richness of the Orthodox faith.

Churches in Romania hold a special place within communities. They serve not only as centers of worship but also as hubs for social gatherings, cultural events, and celebrations that uphold Romanian traditions.

14. Malawi

Christianity is deeply ingrained in Malawian society, with an estimated 80% of the population identifying as Christian. Churches are a common sight throughout the country, showcasing the important role that faith plays in the lives of many Malawians.

Missionary activities during the colonial era contributed significantly to the establishment of Christianity in Malawi. This historical influence is reflected in the presence of numerous churches built during that period.

Churches in Malawi serve as more than just places of worship. They often act as centers of community life, providing education, healthcare, and support services, particularly in underserved areas. Churches help strengthen social networks and offer hope for the future.

15. Nigeria

Nigeria boasts a large and diverse religious landscape, with Christianity and Islam being the two dominant faiths. The country is estimated to have a near even split between Christians (approximately 50%) and Muslims, with Christianity particularly prevalent in southern Nigeria.

Nigeria has witnessed significant growth in Christianity in recent decades. You’ll find historic churches built during the colonial era, modern megachurches with vast congregations, and smaller Pentecostal and independent churches dotting the landscape.

Churches in Nigeria play a dynamic role in society. They are centers of worship, spiritual growth, and community support. Many churches actively engage in social programs, providing education, healthcare, and assistance to those in need.

16. United States of America

The United States has an incredibly diverse religious landscape. Christianity remains the most widely practiced religion, with an estimated 65% of the population identifying as Christian. It encompasses a vast range of denominations, from historic Protestant churches in New England towns to massive megachurches in the South, along with vibrant Catholic, Orthodox, and immigrant communities.

This diversity is reflected in the architecture of American churches. You’ll find everything from simple colonial-era meeting houses to towering Gothic cathedrals and modern structures with innovative designs.

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Churches in America are often not just places of worship. They function as community hubs, hosting charity events, support groups, educational programs, and social gatherings that strengthen communities across the nation.

17. France

While France has become increasingly secular in recent decades, its Catholic heritage remains deeply ingrained in its history and culture. An estimated 50% of the French population identifies as Catholic, though active church attendance is lower. This legacy is evident in the many churches found throughout the country, particularly in rural areas and smaller towns.

French churches showcase centuries of architectural evolution. From Romanesque and Gothic masterpieces to quaint village churches and modern structures, they offer a glimpse into the changing relationships between religion and society within France.

While perhaps less central to daily life than in the past, churches in France still hold significance. They serve as places of worship, reminders of history, and often architectural landmarks within their communities.

18. Germany

Germany has a diverse religious landscape, with a relatively even split between Catholics and Protestants. This mixed religious heritage dates back to the Protestant Reformation and continues to shape different regions of the country to this day.

German churches reflect centuries of architectural and religious evolution. From towering Gothic cathedrals that dominate city skylines to simpler Protestant churches and modern structures, they offer a window into Germany’s rich history and artistic traditions.

While perhaps less central to daily life for some Germans compared to past eras, churches still hold significance. They serve as places of worship, reminders of cultural heritage, and often function as centers for concerts and community events.


Trying to find the country with the absolute most churches is a tricky task! Our exploration has shown that churches hold a special significance in many nations. Whether in the grand cathedrals of Europe, the humble village chapels of Latin America, or the dynamic megachurches found across continents, houses of worship are a visible reminder of the diverse ways faith communities flourish. While some countries boast undeniably high concentrations of churches, one thing is clear: for billions around the world, the church – in its many forms – remains a cornerstone of spiritual life and community connection.

FAQs about the Most Churches

Q1. Which countries have the highest number of churches?

It’s difficult to determine definitively due to varying definitions of “church”. However, countries with large Christian populations often top the list. These include:

  • United States (Has a very high number of churches across many denominations).
  • Brazil (Home to a large Catholic population and a growing number of Protestant churches).
  • Mexico (Catholicism is the dominant religion).
  • Philippines (Also has a strong Catholic presence).
  • Nigeria (A significant Christian population with many churches).

Q2. Which city has the most churches in the world?

There’s no definitive answer. Contenders might include:

  • Rome, Italy which is the center of the Catholic Church.
  • Cities in the Southern United States. Often referred to as the “Bible Belt,” these cities have high church densities.
  • Cities in Latin America (Many cities in this region have strong Catholic traditions).

Q3. Which country has the highest number of churches in Africa?

Likely Nigeria, which has a very large and diverse Christian population. Other countries in Africa with significant Christian populations and a high number of churches include:

  • Ethiopia
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • South Africa

Q4. Which countries have the largest Christian populations?

The top countries with the largest Christian populations are:

  1. United States
  2. Brazil
  3. Mexico
  4. Russia
  5. Philippines

Q5. Which country has more churches per capita?

Smaller nations with heavily Christian populations might rank highly:

  • Vatican City – As the center of the Catholic Church, it would naturally top this list.
  • Island nations in the Pacific, which has churches central to community life.

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